Iran, commonly known as Persia in the Western world, is home to the world’s oldest civilization. Throughout the Persian history, women contributed a significant role in each era. The ancient Persia shows the great participation by women in all facets of life. Many cities and states of the ancient Persian Empire were ruled by them and also had their army completely under the control of women commanders.
The significant role of women in Ancient Persia was both terrifying and fascinating. They were very honored and revered and were treated like goddesses, esteemed as mothers of creation before the imposition of the Judaism, Christianity, and especially Islam.
A 2,600 year old clay cylinder bears what has been called the world’s “first human rights charter” and was inscribed under the direction of the Persian (Now Iran) ruler Cyrus the Great in 538 BCE.
The Persian were the first people in history to give men and women equal rights, abolish slavery and write the very first human and animal bill of rights in 538 BCE. The fortification tablets at the Ruins Persepolis reveals that men and women were represented in identical professions and that they received equal payments as skilled laborers and that gender was not a criterion at all.
The Declaration of Human Rights written by Cyrus the Great has been hailed as the first charter of human rights, predating the Magna Carta by nearly two millenniums and in 1971 the United Nations was published translation of it in all the official U.N. languages. It is now kept in the British Museum and it is no exaggeration to say that it is one of the most precious historical records of the world. Also a replica of the Cyrus cylinder is kept at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
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• Saeed Amidi: Founder/CEO of Plug and Play Tech Center, one of the largest start-up incubators and super early stage investors in Silicon Valley.
Persia was a power house of academic knowledge in ancient times. They were leaders in astronomy, medicine, mathematics, literature and philosophy. Throughout the millenniums of invasions and conquests, Persians have been tough enough to live through it and repel the invaders. Even during Middle Ages Persia produced the best scholars in the world in all fields of science.
Women in Persia were very honored and revered, they often held very important & influential positions in the Courthouse, Ministries, Military, State and Treasury Department, and other official administrations.
Mothers and pregnant women even received wages far above those of their male co-workers in order to show appreciation. Women enjoyed a high level of gender equality before the imposition of the dark, backward, and pernicious Abrahamic Ideologies (Judaism, Christianity, and especially Islam) after the barbaric Arab invasion upon Persia which destroyed our Equal rights, Freedom of speech and Freedom of religion and replaced those factors with central primitive brutal government, prejudice and slavery.
The first regular postal service in the world was established in ancient Persia (Now Iran) in 6th century BC during the reign of the first king of the Achaemenids, Cyrus the Great (550 BC-529 BC). The riders would stop at regularly placed “post houses” to get a fresh horse and to pass on their packages, mails of dispatches to another messenger for the remainder of the distance.
“Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds”, said the Greek historian Herodotus.
The Persians made use of a highly efficient relay-style delivery system more than two millennia ago.
• Cuneiform writing system 3200 B.C.
The Persian alphabet consisted of 32 letters that were derived from 18 shapes and it was written from right to left. The Persians mostly wrote on Cuneiform scripts and those principles form the basis of the modern western European alphabet.
• University in 271 B.C., intellectual center teaching philosophy , medicine, theology, science.
• Police - First inspectors were “the Eye of the King” created by Cyrus the Great 576 B.C.
• First Agriculture System in 1000 B.C., the Qanat.
• Refrigerator and Air Conditioning in 400 B.C. A large room called "YAKHCHAL"
• Battery in 250 B.C.
• Algebra in 800 A.D.
• Windmill in 632 A.D.
• Wine in 5400 B.C.
• Rose – Persian flower
• Tulip – Persian flower
• Alcohol in 864 A.D. by Rhazès Zakarya
• Hospital dating back 3,000 years.
• Cesarean in 1000 A.D
• Anesthesia in 1000 A.D.
• Coins (the first system of money ever used).
• Metal (Copper, Tin, Silver, Gold) casting.
• Shoes in 3000 B.C.
• Ice Cream in 400 B.C.
• Polo in 521 B.C., Persian sport
• Poker in 1600 A.D., Persian game called “nas”.
• Piano in 266 B.C. called “santur”.
• The Brick in 6000 B.C.
• The Water Bed in 3600 B.C. made of sheep’s skin.
• Art of Miniatures in 2600 B.C.
• Guitar in 5000 B.C., “Gui” means three in old Persian (Now Iran) and “Tar” means rope, guitar had three ropes at the beginning and changed with time.
• Valentines (a day of Love) was first founded by Cyrus the Great in 538 BCE.
• Colored Eggs for Easter – Persians first began using Colored Eggs to celebrate spring in 3000 BC. Crusaders returning from the Middle East spread the costume of Coloring eggs and Europeans began to use them to celebrate Easter.
Now, this isn’t even 2% of the things we have invented or contributed to the world. There are lots more!