• Pierre Omidyar: Founder of eBay.com
• Sean Rad: Founder of Tinder.com
• Bob Miner: co-founder of Oracle.com
• Arash Ferdowsi: co-founder of Dropbox.com
• Salar Kamangar: ex-CEO of YouTube.com and 7th employee to join Google.com
• Saeed Amidi: Founder/CEO of Plug and Play Tech Center.
One of the largest start-up incubators and super early stage investors in Silicon Valley.
• Mansour Samadpour: Founder of IEH Laboratories & Consulting Group.
One of the largest food testing labs in the U.S.
Persia was a power house of academic knowledge in ancient times. They were leaders in astronomy, medicine, mathematics, literature and philosophy. Throughout the millenniums of invasions and conquests, Persians have been tough enough to live through it and repel the invaders. Even during Middle Ages Persia produced the best scholars in the world in all fields of science.
• Coins - The first system of money ever used.
• Police - The first inspectors were “The Eye of the King” created by Cyrus the Great.
• Hospital dating back 3,000 years.
• Cesarean in 1000 A.D
• Anesthesia in 1000 A.D
• Algebra in 800 A.D.
• Windmill in 632 A.D.
• Wine in 5400 B.C.
• Alcohol in 864 A.D. by Rhazès Zakarya.
• Shoes in 3000 B.C.
• Ice Cream in 400 B.C.
• Refrigerator and air conditioning in 400 B.C. A large room called "YAKHCHAL”.
• Poker in 1600 A.D., Persian game called “nas”.
• University in 271 B.C., intellectual center teaching philosophy , medicine, theology, science.
• First Agriculture System in 1000 B.C., the Qanat.
• Cuneiform Writing System 3200 B.C.
The Persian alphabet consisted of 32 letters that were derived from 18 shapes and it was written from right to left. The Persians mostly wrote on Cuneiform scripts and those principles form the basis of the modern western European alphabet.
• Guitar in 5000 B.C.
“Gui” means three in old Persian (Now Iran) and “Tar” means rope, guitar had three ropes at the beginning and changed with time.
Iran, commonly known as Persia in the Western world, is home to the world’s oldest civilization. Throughout the Persian history, women contributed a significant role in each era.
The ancient Persia shows the great participation by women in all facets of life. Many cities and states of the ancient Persian Empire were ruled by them and also had their army completely under the control of women commanders. Persian women owned properties, were involved in managing their assets and participated in economic activities of the estate and other economic units. They had employment opportunities earned wages and as a result were able to be economically independent.
Maternity leave for women and all expenses were paid by the state in 539BCE
Persian New Year. Nowruz dates back to as far as 3,000 BCE. Nowruz has been celebrated by diverse communities in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans.
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Nowruz celebrates the start of the Persian
spring festival March 21 ever year.
The first regular postal service in the world was established in ancient Persia in 6th century BC during the reign of the first king of the Achaemenids, Cyrus the Great (550 BC-529 BC). The riders would stop at regularly placed “post houses” to get a fresh horse and to pass on their packages, mails of dispatches to another messenger for the remainder of the distance.
“Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds”, said the Greek historian Herodotus.
The Persians made use of a highly efficient relay-style delivery
system more than two millennia ago.
A 2,600 year old clay cylinder bears what has been called the world’s “First Human Rights Charter” and was inscribed under the direction of the Persian (Now Iran) ruler "Cyrus the Great" in 538 BCE.
The Persian were the "First People" in history to give men and women equal rights, abolish slavery and write the very first human and animal bill of rights in 538 BCE. The fortification tablets at the Ruins Persepolis reveals that men and women were represented in identical professions and that they received equal payments as skilled laborers and that gender was not a criterion at all.
The Declaration of "Human Rights" written by "Cyrus the Great" has been hailed as the first charter of human rights, predating the Magna Carta by nearly two millenniums and in 1971 the United Nations was published translation of it in all the official U.N. languages. It is now kept in the British Museum and it is no exaggeration to say that it is one of the most precious historical records of the world. Also a replica of the "Cyrus Cylinder" is kept at the "United Nations" Headquarters in New York.
Iranian poet Sa’adi, from the 13th century, is one of the major influential Persian poets of the medieval period. Sa’adi is best known for his works ‘Gulistan’ and ‘Busan’, poetry which emphasized a unity in mankind, an interdependence regardless of social barriers and labels.
Iranian poet Sa’adi, “Bani Adam”
The sons of Adam are limbs of each other,
Having been created of one essence.
When the calamity of time affects one limb,
The other limbs cannot remain at rest.
If you have no sympathy for the troubles of others,
You are unworthy to be called by the name of a Human.