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Persian Empress Farah Pahlavi

Iran, commonly known as Persia in the Western world, is home to the world’s oldest civilization. 

Throughout the Persian history, women contributed a significant role in each era. 


The ancient Persia shows the great participation by women in all facets of life. Many cities and states of the ancient Persian Empire were ruled by them and also had their army completely under the control of women commanders. Persian women owned properties, were involved in managing their assets and participated in economic activities of the estate and other economic units. They had employment opportunities earned wages and as a result were able to be economically independent.


Maternity leave for women and all expenses were paid by the state in 539BCE

United Nations Building Entrance

Iranian poet Sa’adi, from the 13th century, is one of the major influential Persian poets of the medieval period. Sa’adi is best known for his works ‘Gulistan’ and ‘Busan’, poetry which emphasized a unity in mankind, an interdependence regardless of social barriers and labels.


 Sa’adi Poetry “Bani Adam” Inscribed On United Nations Building Entrance

The sons of Adam are limbs of each other,

Having been created of one essence.

When the calamity of time affects one limb,

The other limbs cannot remain at rest.

If you have no sympathy for the troubles of others,

You are unworthy to be called by the name of a Human.